History of Russian literature: from the first monuments to world recognition
A millennium separates us from the time when the first literary works appeared in ancient Russia – it was around the 9th-10th centuries, during the time of Kievan Rus.
Traditionally, the history of the formation and development of Russian literature is divided into seven periods:
IX-XVII centuries – Old Russian literature: the first literary monuments appear (chronicles, lives, epistles) and one of the most famous works – “The Tale of Igor’s Campaign”;
XVIII century – the principles of classicism were mastered in literature;
XIX century – it is called the “golden age” of Russian literature. According to foreign literary scholars, this time in Russian literature is “the most fruitful period of world literature” (Encyclopædia Britannica);
XX century (until 1917) – the period at the turn of the XIX and XX centuries is called the “silver age” due to the intellectual outburst in the literary environment associated with the search for new ideas and forms;
1917-1991 – the period of socialist realism, strict censorship and the emergence of the so-called “dissident literature”;
since 1991 – the post-Soviet period – a difficult period of mixing genres and types of literature, the search for new forms of communication with the reader.
There is a more detailed periodization, including turning points in the history of Russia; for example, literature from the time of Peter the Great or wartime literature of 1941-1945 can be singled out separately.
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